After managing to create the nephron by harvesting a single mouse cell, the researchers showed their enthusiasm about the prospect of a new technology allowing kidney regeneration:
“If we succeed in combining a human cell with a pluripotent stem cell (iPS), then we can use this in the field of organ regeneration”, said Shinki Kitamury, of the Okayama University, who led the research.
Every nephron is made up of multiple anatomical segments having a fixed role in generating human urine. A kidney has one million nephrons, more or less.
The researchers captured a single kidney cell belonging to a mouse and inserted it into a container with a gelatinous substance, which lead to rapid cell growth in all directions. In less than three weeks, the cell grew into a functional nephron, capable of generating urine.
Excited with the discovery, the scientists hope that in the near future, they will be able to reproduce the experiment using human cell.