Between 2001 and 2011, the number of mental stress claims filed by employees against their employer increased by 25 percent. The proportion of stress claims indicating a “poor relationship with superiors” was not reported, but a study commissioned by Medibank Private reported that the total cost in 2007 of work related stress on Australian economy topped A$14.8 billion, while the direct cost to employers alone in stress-related presenteeism and absenteeism reached A$10.11 billion.
A study of the impact of systemic toxic behaviors displayed by managers found that even or two toxic behaviors, say manipulating and intimidating, had sufficient effect on employees to cause mental and physical discomfort.
The most common toxic behaviors exhibited by managers include:
Psychological effects include anxiety, depression, burnout, cynicism, helplessness, social isolation, loss of confidence, feeling undervalued.
Emotional effects include anger, disappointment, distress, fear, frustration, mistrust, resentment, humiliation.
Physical effects include insomnia, hair loss, weight loss/gain, headaches, stomach upsets, viruses and colds.
Several strategies useful to individuals facing toxic leadership, when reporting it or leaving the organization is not possible, include:
On the other hand, there are actions individuals working for a toxic employer should avoid taking:
Individuals who regularly find themselves on the receiving end of toxic behaviors, commonly start questioning themselves, doubting their capabilities and feeling locked into their current situation, role, and organization.