Most of the time, when we think of obesity, we see the immediate body image, a reduced ability to exercise easily, and several health conditions. The new study suggests we need to also think about the risk for colon cancer stemming from being significantly overweight.
Obesity is measured by the body mass index, a ratio comparing a person’s height against weight. Generally, a higher BMI indicates a higher amount of body fat.
A normal weight will show as a BMI between 18 and 24.9, while values between 26 and 29.9 are associated with overweight. Values of BMI greater than 30 are considered obese.
Recent research has been looking into understanding the link between obesity and increased incidence of cancer on one hand, and deaths related to heart disease on the other.
Scientists believe the connection is related to higher levels of inflammation and elevated levels of insulin and other hormones responsible for regulating fat storage and blood sugar levels.
Colon cancer is located in the lower intestines, and usually starts as a benign polyp which can be found during a colonoscopy, a routine screening people should have once they have reached 50 years old.
People with colon cancer history in their family should have the screening as early as 40 years of age, and polyps found during testing can be removed and checked to see if they are malignant.
To reduce the chances of developing colon cancer, people should start by reducing their excess weight and set a goal to reach a normal BMI. A healthy diet, moderate activity, and stress management provide excellent help in achieving this goal.